A brief history of healthcare provision in London



As the prospect of war loomed in the summer of 1939 the Ministry of Health had no idea of how many hospital beds were available and had no means of finding out.

The authorities estimated that some 100,000 tons of bombs would be dropped on London in the first fortnight of war.  A quarter of a million casualties were anticipated and contingency plans were made to organise sufficient medical care.

The eminent surgeon Sir Claude Frankau (1883-1967) became Director of the London and Home Counties section of the EMS.


London was divided into 10 triangular sectors.  Each had their apex on the one of large teaching hospitals, whose patients were to be evacuated so that the expected casualties could receive treatment.  Each sector would be run from a peripheral base hospital several miles outside London.

SECTOR I (Essex)
Advanced bases:  
Epping Public Assistance Institution
St Andrew's
Public Assistance Institution,

Albert Dock Hospital
Aldersbrook Children's Home, Snaresbrook
Australian (Barnado's) Hospital

Barking Hospital
Barking Upney Maternity Hospital

Black Notley Sanatorium, Braintree
Balaam Street Children's Hospital, Plaistow
Braintree Public Assistance Institution
Brentwood District Hospital
Brentwood Mental Hospital

Brookfield Orthopaedic Hospital, Woodford Green
Chelmsford & Essex Hospital
Claybury Mental Hospital
Colchester Maternity Hospital
Colchester Public Assistance Institution
Connaught Hospital
East Ham Memorial Hospital

Epping & District Cottage Hospital

Essex County Hospital, Colchester
Forest Gate
Public Assistance Institution
Forest Hospital, Buckhurst Hill
Friends Convalescent Home, Benfleet, Canvey Island
Fyfield Open Air School, Ongar
Goodmayes Mental Hospital
Great West Hatch Public Assistance Institution, Chigwell
Hainault Lodge Chronic Public Assistance Institution,  

Halstead Cottage Hospital
Harold Court Sanatorium, Harold Wood
Harold Wood Hospital
Harts Sanatorium, Woodford Green
High Beech Sanatorium, Loughton
Highwood Hospital, Brentwood
Ilford Borough Maternity Hospital
King George Hospital, Ilford

Leytonstone Central Home Public Assistance Institution
Little Heath House Chronic Public Assistance Institution,

Maldon St Peter's Public Assistance Institution
Marillac Sanatorium, Warley
Merwale Sanatorium, Chelmsford
Mothers Convalescent Home, Hutton, nr. Brentwood
Oldchurch County Hospital, Romford
Ongar District Cottage Hospital
Ongar War Memorial Hospital
Orsett Public Assistance Institution, Grays
Plaistow Maternity Hospital
Princess Louise Convalescent Home, Nazeing
Queen Mary's Hospital, Stratford
Runwell Mental Hospital
St John's Public Assistance Institution, Chelmsford
St Faith's Hospital, Brentwood
St Mary's Hospital, Plaistow
Seamen's Hospital, Tilbury

Severalls Mental Hospital

Southend Municipal Hospital, Rochford
Southend District General Hospital

Stanway, nr. Colchester, Public Assistance Institution
Sutton's Institution, Hornchurch
 (auxiliary to Oldchurch County Hospital)

Thorpe Coombe Maternity Home

Victoria Hospital, Romford
West Ham Hospital
West Ham Sanatorium, Dagenham
West Ham Sanatorium, Laindon
Whipps Cross Hospital
Woodford Jubilee Hospital

SECTOR II (London Hospital)
Advanced base:
Base Hospital:  
Bedford Mental Hospital, Arlesey

Bethnal Green Hospital
Bishops Stortford Public Assistance Institution
Bishops Stortford General Hospital
Chalkdell Public Assistance Institution, Hitchin
Chase Farm Hospital
Cheshunt Cottage Hospital
Eastern Hospital
Enfield Infectious Diseases Hospital
Enfield War Memorial Hospital
Enfield House
Public Assistance Institution
German Convalescent Home, Hitchin
German Hospital
Grovelands Recovery Home

Hackney Hospital I and II
Hertford County Hospital
Home Hospital, Stoke Newington

Jewish Maternity Hospital

Letchworth General Hospital
London Chest Hospital
London Hospital
London Jewish Hospital
Metropolitan Hospital
Mildmay Memorial Hospital
Mildmay Mission Hospital
Mile End Hospital
North Herts & South Beds Hospital, Hitchin

Northern Fever Hospital
Potters Bar Cottage Hospital

Queen's Hospital for Children, Hackney Road
North Middlesex County Hospital, Silver Street
North-Eastern Hospital, South Tottenham
Poplar Hospital
Prince of Wales Hospital
Princess Elizabeth of York Hospital, Shadwell
Royston Casual Wards
Royston Hospital
St Andrew's Hospital
St Clements Hospital
St David's Hospital
St George-in-the-East Hospital
St Leonards Hospital I and II
St Peter's Hospital, Whitechapel
Salvation Army, NE
Spring House Nursing Home, Bayford
Waltham Abbey War Memorial Hospital
Ware County Sanatorium
Ware Western House Public Assistance Institution
Public Assistance Institution, Hatfield
Welwyn Victoria Memorial Hospital
Welwyn Garden City Cottage Hospital

White Webbs Public Assistance Home, Enfield

SECTOR III (St Bartholomew's Hospital,
                        Royal Free Hospital)
Advanced bases:
Base Hospital:  
Bedford Mental Hospital, Arlesey

Archway Hospital
Cell Barnes Mental Hospital
Central London Throat Nose and Ear Hospital, Grays Inn Road
Chest Hospital, Victoria Park
City of London Maternity Hospital
Colney Hatch Mental Hospital
Finchley Memorial Hospital
Harpenden Children's Sanatorium
Highgate Hospital
Hornsey Central Hospital
London Fever Hospital
Luton & Beds Hospital
Luton Poor Law Institution
Lyndhurst Private Nursing Home, Shenley
Nervous Diseases Hospital, Woodside Avenue
North Islington Welfare Centre
Oster House 
Public Assistance Institution, St Albans
Pawling Home, Hadley Wood
Rosa Morison House
Royal Free Hospital
Royal London Ophthalmic Hospital, City Road
Royal Northern Hospital
St Albans & Mid Herts Hospital
St Bartholomew's Hospital
St Mark's Hospital, City Road
St Mary's Hospital, Islington
St Matthew's Hospital
Victoria Hospital, Barnet
Winifred House
Wood Green and Southgate Hospital

SECTOR IV (University College Hospital,
                        Charing Cross Hospital)
Advanced bases:
Base Hospital:  
Bedford Mental Hospital, Arlesey

Bushey and Middlesex County Maternity Hospital
Bushey Heath District Hospital
Central London Ophthalmic Hospital, Judd Street
Charing Cross Hospital
Colindale Hospital
Ear Nose and Throat Hospital, Golden Square
Elizabeth Garrett Anderson Hospital
Florence Nightingale Hospital, Lisson Grove
French Hospital, Shaftesbury Avenue
Great Ormond Street Hospital
Hampstead Children's Hospital
Hampstead General Hospital
Hemel Hempstead
Public Assistance Institution
Hendon Cottage Hospital
Hendon Infectious Diseases Hospital
Homeopathic Hospital
Hospital for Epilepsy, Maida Vale
Hospital for Tropical Diseases
Hospital for Women, Soho
Hospital of St Luke, Fitzroy Square
Italian Hospital
Manor House Hospital, Golders Green
Marie Curie Hospital
Metropolitan Ear Nose and Throat Hospital, Fitzroy Square
National Heart Hospital
National Nerve Hospital, Queen Square
National Temperance Hospital
New End Hospital
North-Western Hospital
Queen Charlotte's Hospital, Marylebone Road
Redhill County Hospital
Redhill Men's Homes
Public Assistance Institution
Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital, Great Portland Street
Royal Westminster Ophthalmic Hospital, High Holborn
St Columba's Hospital
St John and St Elizabeth Hospital
St John's Skin Hospital
St Margaret's Hospital, Kentish Town
St Pancras Hospital I and II
St Paul's Hospital
St Peter's Hospital for Stone
St Saviour's Hospital, Osnaburgh Street
Sheffield Street Hospital
Stanborough Hydro, Watford
Stanmore Cottage Hospital
University College Hospital
Watford Peace Memorial Hospital
West End Hospital for Nervous Diseases, Welbeck Street
West Herts Hospital, Hemel Hempstead

SECTOR V (Middlesex Hospital)
Advanced base:
Base Hospital:  
Bedford Mental Hospital, Arlesey

Public Assistance Institution
Champneys Nature Home, Tring
Chesham Cottage Hospital
Harrow General Hospital
London Lock
Middlesex Hospital
Northwood and Pinner Hospital
Paddington General Hospital
Paddington Green Children's Hospital
Radium Institute, Riding House Street
Royal Bucks Hospital, Aylesbury
St Andrew's Hospital, Dollis Hill
St Monica's (Willesden Chest Hospital)
Samaritan Free Hospital for Women
Wembley General Hospital
Western Ophthalmic Hospital
Willesden General Hospital
Willesden Infectious Diseases Hospital

SECTOR VI (St Mary's Hospital)
Advanced bases:
Hillingdon County Hospital
Public Assistance Institution
Harefield Sanatorium
Base Hospital:  
Park Prewett Mental Hospital, Basingstoke

Acton General Hospital
Amersham Public Assistance Institution
Central Middlesex Hospital
Ealing Infectious Diseases Hospital
Gerrards Cross Hospital
Hammersmith Hospital
Hanwell Cottage Hospital
Hanwell Mental Hospital
Harlington Cottage Hospital
Hayes Cottage Hospital, Grange Road, Hayes
High Wycombe Memorial Hospital
Princess Louise Hospital
St Charles Hospital
St Luke's Hospital, Hereford Road
St Mary's Hospital
St Vincent's Orthopaedic Hospital
Southall-Norwood Hospital, Southall
Uxbridge Convalescent Home
Uxbridge Hospital
Young Convalescent Home, Castlebar Hill

SECTOR VII (St George's Hospital,
                        Westminster Hospital)
Advanced base:
Base Hospital:  
Park Prewett Mental Hospital, Basingstoke

Basingstoke Public Assistance Institution
Brentford & Chiswick Hospital
Brompton Hospital
Cheyne Hospital for Children
Chiswick General Hospital
Chelsea Institution
Ealing General Hospital
Fulham Hospital I and II
Gordon Hospital
Grosvenor Women's Hospital
Hampton Cottage Hospital
Hounslow General Hospital
Infants' Hospital, Vincent Square
Isleworth Casual Wards
Public Assistance Institution
Iver Cottage Hospital
King Edward VII Hospital, Windsor
Maidenhead Institution
Maidenhead Voluntary Hospital
Park Prewett Mental Hospital
Princess Beatrice Hospital
Queen Charlotte's Hospital, Goldhawk Road
Royal Masonic Hospital
St George's Home, Milman's Street
St George's Hospital
St John's Hospital, Twickenham
St Luke's Hospital
St Mary Abbotts Hospital I and II
St Stephen's Hospital
Public Assistance Institution
South Middlesex Infectious Diseases Hospital
Staines Cottage Hospital
Staines Infectious Diseases Hospital
Teddington Hospital
Victoria Children's Hospital, Tite Street
West Middlesex County Hospital
Western Hospital
Westminster Hospital
Westminster Institution
Public Assistance Institution

SECTOR VIII (St Thomas' Hospital)
Advanced base:
Brookwood Mental Hospital
Base Hospital:  
Park Prewett Mental Hospital, Basingstoke

All Saints Hospital
Annie McCall Maternity Hospital
Battersea Hospital
Belgrave Hospital for Children
Bolingbroke Hospital
Botley's Park Mental Hospital, Chertsey
Briarwood Nursing Home, Worcester Park
Burrow Hill Sanatorium, Frimley
Catholic Nursing Institute
Cheam Sanatorium
Clandon Small-pox Hospital
Clock House Private Nursing Home, Byfleet
Cobham and District Hospital
Cumberland House, Mitcham
Egham Cottage Hospital
Evelina Hospital
Farnham Homes for the Aged
Farnham Institution
Frimley and Camberley Hospital
Frimley Sanatorium
General Lying-In Hospital
Gordon Boys' Home, Woking
Grove Hospital
Guildford Children's Home
Guildford Institution
Hampton Court Cottage Hospital
Haslemere Hospital
Heatherwood HP, Ascot
Holy Cross Sanatorium, Haslemere
King George V Sanatorium, Godalming
Kingston County Hospital
Kingston Institution
Lambeth Hospital
Meath Epileptic Home, Godalming
Mount Alvenia Nursing Home, Guildford
Morley's Convalescent Home, Wimbledon
Nelson Hospital
Old Surbiton Hospital, Surbiton
Pinewood Sanatorium, Wokingham
Prior Place Private Sanatorium, Camberley
Putney Hospital
Queen Mary's Hospital, Roehampton
Public Assistance Institution
Royal Eye Voluntary Hospital, SE1
Royal Hospital, Richmond
Royal Surrey Hospital, Guildford
Royal Waterloo Hospital
St Anthony's Hospital, Cheam
St Benedict's Hospital
St Dominic Open-Air School, Witley
St James' Hospital, Balham
St John's Hospital, Clapham Junction
St Nicholas' Orthopaedic Hospital, Pyrford
St Peter's Convalescent Home, Woking
St Thomas' Babies Hospital
St Thomas' Hospital
Schiff Home
South London Hospital for Women
South-Western Hospital
Southern Orphanage, Woking
Star and Garter Hospital, Richmond
Surbiton Hospital
Surrey County Sanatorium, Godalming
Sutton and Cheam General Hospital
Thames Ditton Cottage Hospital
Tilford Children's Home, Farnham
Trimmer's Cottage Hospital, Farnham
Victoria Hospital, Kingston
Victoria Hospital, Woking
Walton-on-Thames Cottage Hospital
Walton-on-Thames Maternity Home
Walton-on-Thames Met Con
Weir Hospital
Weybridge General Hospital
Wilson Hospital
Wimbledon General Hospital
Windlesham Cottage Hospital
Woking Maternity Home
Public Assistance Institution
Worcester Park Private Nursing Home

SECTOR IX (King's College Hospital)
Base Hospital:  

Arundel Lodge Home, Croydon
Beckenham Hospital
Bromley and District Hospital
Carshalton and District Hospital
Castlebridge Nursing Home, Reigate
Castleton Nursing Home, Banstead
Caterham and District Hospital
Caxton Convalescent Home, Limpsfield
Children's Heart Hospital, West Wickham
Coney Hill Home, Beckenham
Coombe Cliff Home, Croydon
Cranleigh Cottage Hospital
Croft Convalescent Home, Reigate
Croydon Children's Homes
Croydon General Hospital
Croydon Nursing Home Ltd
Cuckfield Institution
Denmark Nursing Home, Redhill
Dorking and District Hospital
Downs Hospital, Sutton
Dulwich Hospital
East Surrey Hospital, Redhill
Epsom and Ewell Hospital
Epsom County PH Hospital
Public Assistance Institution
Ewell Park PH Hospital
Hambledon Institution
Haywards Heath Mental Hospital
Horley Cottage Hospital
Horsham Institution
King Edward VII Hospital, Haywards Heath
King's College Hospital
Leatherhead Cripples Training College
Leatherhead General Hospital
Lingfield Epileptic Colony
Lynton Nursing Home, Croydon
Malatia Private Nursing Home, Croydon
Marie Celeste Annexe, Reigate
Mayday Hospital
Netherne Mental Hospital
Norwood and District Cottage Hospital
Norwood Children's Home
Norwood Children's Hospital
Oxted and Limpsfield Cottage Hospital
Phillip's Memorial Hospital, Bromley
Purley General Hospital
Purleybury Nursing Home, Sanderstead
Queen's Hospital, Croydon
Radcliffe Convalescent Home, Limpsfield
Royal Blind School, Leatherhead
Queen Mary's Hospital, Carshalton
Redhill County PH Hospital, Surrey
Retreat Maternity Home, South Norwood
St Anne's
Public Assistance Institution, Redhill
St Francis Hospital
St Giles' Hospital
St Mary's Maternity Hospital, Croydon
Shabden Park Home, Chipstead
South Eastern Children's Hospital, Sydenham
Surrey County Hospital, Dorking
Sutton Training College
Tadworth Court
Victoria Cottage Hospital, East Grinstead
Walton Heath Orthopaedic Hydro
Woodside Maternity Home, Sutton

SECTOR X (Guy's Hospital)
Advanced base:
          Farnborough Hospital
Base Hospital:  

Albany Deptford Babies Hospital, Breakspear Road
Alexandra Children's Orthopaedic Hospital, Swanley
Barming Heath Mental Hospital, Maidstone
Benenden Sanatorium
Bermondsey Medical Mission, Grange Road
Bexley Cottage Hospital
Bexley Maternity Home
Bexley Mental Hospital
Blackheath and Charlton Hospital
Brook Hospital
Cecill Cragg Hospital, Wrotham
Chatham County Hospital
Chislehurst Cottage Hospital
Public Assistance Institution, Maidstone
Cranbrook Convalescent Home
Public Assistance Institution
Dartford County Hospital
David Solomons Home, Southborough
Dreadnought Hospital, Greenwich
Edenbridge War Memorial Hospital
Eltham and Mottingham Hospital
Erith and District Hospital
Goldie Leigh Children's Home
Gravesend and North Kent Hospital
Public Assistance Institution
Gravesend Sanatorium
Grove Park Hospital
Guy's Hospital
Hainault Maternity Home, Erith
Hawkesbury Convalescent Home, Tunbridge Wells
Hawkhurst Cottage Hospital
Hospital for Mothers and Babies
Joyce Green Hospital
Kent County Eye Hospital, Maidstone
Ladywell Institution
Lenham County Sanatorium
Lewisham Hospital
Livingstone Hospital
Miller Hospital
Orchard Hospital
Public Assistance Institution
Park Hospital, Hither Green
Preston Hall Hospital, Maidstone
Queen Mary's Hospital, Sidcup
Royal N & M Maternity Home, Gillingham
St Alfege's Hospital I and II
St Bartholomew's Hospital, Rochester
St John's Hospital, Lewisham
St Nicholas' Hospital, Plumstead
St Olave's Hospital
Sevenoaks Children's Orthopaedic Hospital
Sevenoaks General Hospital
Public Assistance Institution
Sidcup Cottage Hospital
Sittingbourne Children's Home
Sittingbourne Mental Hospital
Public Assistance Institution
South-Eastern Fever Hospital, New Cross
Southern Hospital, Dartford
Tonbridge Cottage Hospital
Tunbridge Wells Homeopathic Hospital
Warlingham Mental Hospital, Whyteleafe
West Kent Hospital, Maidstone
West Malling
Public Assistance Institution
Woolwich Institution
Woolwich War Memorial Hospital

Next section: The National Health Service

Previous section:  LCC hospitals during WW2
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(Author unstated) 1939 Emergency Hospitals Scheme for London.  British Medical Journal 1 (4081), 634-636.
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