A brief history of healthcare provision in London



As wounded servicemen began to arrive back in England in great numbers, the British Red Cross and other organisations established auxiliary hospitals to ease the pressure on the large military hospitals.   Thanks to the improved reorganisation of the Army Medical Service by Sir Alfred Keogh (1857-1936), who had been its Director General  from 1905 to 1910, the country was in a better position to establish these.  Keogh had also been responsible for establishing the Territorial Force (TF) in 1911.  He was reappointed as Director General of the Army Medical Service at the outbreak of WW1.

Keogh's far-sighted policy in ear-marking public buildings for use as hospitals in times of war proved crucial.  Twenty-five large buildings had been chosen throughout the United Kingdom, four of which were in London.  Although these auxiliary general hospitals were primarily intended to meet the needs of the Territorial Force, they were also ready to receive patients from the regular British Army.  Each was intended to accommodate 520 patients.  The auxiliary hospitals were attached to central military hospitals and the patients remained under military control.  

The auxiliary hospitals included a first tier of large auxiliary general hospitals and a wider tier of smaller premises volunteered for war service.  Over 5000 buildings in England were offered free of charge to the War Office. They varied greatly in size: town halls, recreation halls, elementary schools, infirmaries, portions of general hospitals, large and small private houses in London and elsewhere, even cottages, garages and stables.  Not all were suitable for hospital purposes.  Auxiliary hospitals were classified as Class A (those who took cot cases, i.e. the bedridden, from military hospitals) and Class B (for convalescent and ambulant patients).  Specialised units were also set up for shell-shocked and neurasthenic patients. Some 352 auxiliary military hospitals were established in the London district.  

The staff of an auxiliary hospital included a commandant (who was in charge of the hospital, but not the medical and nursing services), a quartermaster, a matron and members of the local Voluntary Aid Detachment who had been trained in first aid and home nursing.  Medical care was provided voluntarily as needed by the local doctors.  Discipline was less strict in the smaller hospitals than in a military hospital and the surroundings more homely.

The rates paid to auxiliary hospitals for military patients were not the same.  In January 1915 the standard maximum rate for the great majority was 3 shillings (15p) a day per occupied bed, but no payment was given for unoccupied beds.  By 1918 this had risen to 3s 3d (16p) a day, with 6d (2.5p) paid per unoccupied bed.  However, the increase was quite inadequate in view of the inflated cost of food, and auxiliary hospitals had to rely on voluntary public donations.  Some private auxiliary hospitals did not receive such capitation grants.

In April 1915 the War Office announced that it was not proposed to accept any further offers of private houses for auxiliary hospitals or convalescent homes, as a sufficient number of large military hospitals had been established.


First London General Hospital (TF), St Gabriel's College, Cormont Road, Camberwell, SE5 9RF
Second London General Hospital (TF), St Mark's College, 552 King's Road, Chelsea, SW10 0UA
Third London General Hospital (TF), Royal Victoria Patriotic School, Trinity Road, Wandsworth, SW18 3SX
Fourth London General Hospital (TF), King's College Hospital, Denmark Hill, SE5 9RS
Fifth London General Hospital (TF), St Thomas' Hospital, Lambeth Palace Road, SE1 7EH

Belgian Refugee's Dispensary, Belgian Refugee Clearing Station,  Aldwych Roller Skating Rink, 265 Strand, WC2R 1BH
California House, 82 Lancaster Gate, Bayswater, W2 3NH
Home for Disabled Belgian Soldiers, 45 Courtfield Gardens, SW3 0LZ

Hospital for Belgian Soldiers, 78 Onslow Gardens, Kensington, SW7 3QB
King Albert's Hospitals for Convalescent Belgian Soldiers
    No. 1, Staffordshire House, 25 Store Street, WC1E 7BL
    No. 2, Park School, Framfield Road, Hanwell, Middlesex W7
    No. 3,  Hazellville Road, Highgate, N19 3NB
    No. 4,  St Gabriel's Home, Folkstone, Kent
    No. 5,  28 Tanner Street, Bermondsey, SE1

No. 1 Australian Auxiliary Hospital, Harefield Park, Middlesex
No. 2 Australian Auxiliary Hospital, St Marylebone School, South Road, Southall, Middlesex
No. 3 Australian Auxiliary Hospital, Orchard Hospital, Dartford, Kent
No. 4 Australian Auxiliary Hospital, Digswell Place, Welwyn, Herts
No. 5 Australian Auxiliary Hospital, Digswell House, Welwyn, Herts
No. 6 Australian Auxiliary Hospital, 1 Moreton Gardens, SW5
Australian Convalescent Hospital,
Cobham Hall, Kent DA12 3BL
Convalescent Home for Australian Nurses, Glen Almond, 14 King Henry's Lane, St Albans, Herts AL3 4AP
Mrs T.S. Hall Hospital for Australian Nurses, 12 Southwell Gardens, South Kensington, SW7 4RL

Canadian Convalescent Hospital, Bromley Hill House, Bromley Hill, Bromley, Kent BR1 4JD
Canadian Convalescent Hospital, Woodcote Park, Wilmerhatch Lane, Epsom, Surrey KT18 7EW
Clarence House Convalescent Hospital, Priory Lane, Roehampton, SW15
Daughters of the Empire Hospital, 1 Hyde Park Place, W2 2LH
King's Canadian Red Cross Special Hospital, Upper Lodge, Bushy Park, Hampton Hill, Middlesex TW12 1NE
Massey-Harris Convalescent Home for Canadian Soldiers, Kingswood, Kingswood Road, Dulwich, SE21 8QN
Perkins Bull Hospital for Convalescent Canadian Officers, 9 Heathview Gardens, Pitney Heath, SW15 3ZS

No. 2 New Zealand General Hospital, Mount Felix, Walton-on-Thames, Surrey
New Zealand Convalescent Hospital, Grey Towers, Hornchurch Road, Horncurch, Essex

American Red Cross Military Hospital No. 22, 98-99 Lancaster Gate, Bayswater, W2 3NS
American Red Cross Military Hospital No. 23, St Katharine's Lodge,  Regent's Park, NW1
American Red Cross Military Hospital No. 24, Baroda House, 24 Kensington Palace Gardens, W8 4QQ
American Red Cross Military Hospital No. 25, Aldford House, 26 Park Lane, Mayfair, W1K 7LG
United States Base Hospital No. 29, Tottenham
United States Base Hospital No. 37
Gore Road, Dartford, Kent

Abbey Lodge Hospital, 54 Lubbock Road, Chislehurst, Kent BR7 5JX
Acheson Hospital for Officers, 32 Albert Road, Regent's Park, NW8 7LT
Acton Hospital, Gunnersbury Lane W3 8EG
Addington Park War Hospital, Addington, Surrey CR0 5BB
All Saints' Hospital for Wounded Soldiers, Austral Street, SE11 4SL
All Saints House Auxiliary Hospital, Churchview Road, Twickenham, TW2 5BX
Amhurst Park Hospital, Rokesby, 9 Amhurst Park, Stoke Newington, N16 5DH
Anglo-Chilean Hospital, 6 Grosvenor Square, Mayfair, W1
Artists' Rifles Convalescent Hospital for Officers, 4 Lyndhurst Gardens, Hampstead, NW3 5NR
Astley Hospital for Officers, Dorchester House, Park Lane, W1K 1QK
Athlone House, Hampstead Lane, N6 4RX
Aubrey House Auxiliary Hospital, Aubrey Road, Kensington, W8 7JJ
Auxiliary Home Hospital, 14 Great Stanhope Street, Mayfair, W1K 1AR
Auxiliary Home Hospital, 40 Weymouth Street, Marylebone, W1G 6NN
Auxiliary Home Hospital, 21 Holwood Road, Bromley, Kent
Auxiliary Home Hospital, 88 Hayes Road, Bromley, Kent BR2 9AB
Auxiliary Home Hospital, Bromley Palace, Stockwell Close, Bromley, Kent BR1 3UH
Auxiliary Home Hospital, Langley Wood, Barnfield Wood Road, Bromley, Kent BR3 6SS
Auxiliary Home Hospital, Lodore, Masons Hill, Bromley, Kent
Auxiliary Home Hospital, The Rookery, Bromley Common, Kent BR2 8HE
Auxiliary Home Hospital, Whitegarth, Cumberland Road, Bromley, Kent BR2 0PS
Auxiliary Hospital, 338-340 King Street, Hammersmith, W6 9NH
Auxiliary Hospital, Primitive Methodists Schools, Bloomfield Road, Bromley Common, Kent BR2 9RZ
Auxiliary Hospital for Officers, 1 Harcourt House, 19 Cavendish Square, W1G 0AJ
Auxiliary Hospital for Officers, 19 Hyde Park Gardens, W2 2LY
Auxiliary Hospital for Officers, Clubhouse, Shirley Park Golf Course, Surrey CR9 7AT
Auxiliary Hospital for Officers, 11 Sussex Square, Bayswater, W2 2SL
Auxiliary Military Hospital, 36 Bromley Common, Bromley, Kent BR2 9RN
Auxiliary Military Hospital, Christ Church Halls, Fairfield Road, Beckenham, Kent BR3 3LE
Bathurst House Hospital for Officers, 12 Belgrave Square, Belgravia, SW1X 8PR
Balgowan V.A.D. Hospital, Balgowan Road, Beckenham, Kent BR3 4HJ
Barham Lodge Auxiliary Hospital, 149 Oatlands Drive, Weybridge, Surrey
Barnet War Hospital, Wellhouse Lane, Barnet, Herts EN5 3DJ
Barnet Military Hospital, The Barracks, High Street, Barnet, Herts
Baroness de Goldsmid's Hospital for Officers, 35, Chesham Place, Belgravia, SW1X 8HB
Baroness d'Erlanger's Auxiliary Hospital, Kent View, Shooters Hill, Welling, Kent DA16 3RP
Bathurst House Hospital for Officers, 12 Belgrave Square, Belgravia, SW1X 8PR
Battersea Auxiliary Military Hospital, 9 Cedars Road, Clapham SW4 0PN
Beckett Hospital, 34 Grosvenor Street, W1K 4QU
Beech House Auxiliary Hospital, 16 and 18 The Avenue, Brondesbury, NW6
Belmont Hospital, 1 Homeland Drive, Sutton, Surrey SM2 5LY
Bethnal Green Hospital, Cambridge Heath Road, E2 9NP

Bexley Hospital, Old Bexley Lane, Bexley, Kent DA 2BW
Bexley & Welling Hospital, 14 Upton Road, Bexleyheath, Kent DA6 8AQ
Binefield Auxiliary Hospital, Woodhurst Lane, Oxted, Surrey RH8 9DN
Birkett Hospital, 7 Mandeville Place, W1U 3AY
Blake Hall Auxiliary Hospital for Officers, Blake Hall, Stony Lane, Bobbingworth, Ongar, Essex CM5 0DG
Bleakdown Auxiliary Military Hospital, Bleakdown Golf Club, Sheerwater Road, West Byfleet, Surrey KT14 8AA
Blythswood Auxiliary Hospital, Elmstead Road, West Byfleet, Kent KT14 6JB
Boreham Wood Relief Hospital, Underfield, Allum Way, Borehamwood, Herts WD3 3LG
Braeside V.A.D. Hospital, 1 Connaught Avenue, Loughton, Essex IG10 4DP
Brondesbury Park Military Hospital, Christchurch Avenue, Brondesbury Park, NW6
Brook War Hospital, Shooters Hill, Woolwich, SE18 4LW
Brookfield Red Cross Hospital:  see Hale End Red Cross Hospital
Brooklands Auxiliary Military Hospital, Heath Road, Weybridge, Surrey KT13 8TU
Brooklyn Hospital, Lubbock Road, Chislehurst, Kent BR7 5JP
Brooklyn V.A.D. Hospital, 12 Crystal Palace Park Road, Sydenham SE26
Brookshill Convalescent Hospital for Officers, Harrow Weald, Harrow, Middlesex HA3 6RT
Budworth Hall Auxiliary Hospital, High Street, Chipping Ongar, Essex CM5 9JG
Bulstrode Park Hospital, Bulstrode, Oxford Road, Gerrards Cross, Bucks SL9 8SZ
Burntwood Auxiliary Red Cross Hospital, 106 Burntwood Lane, Caterham, Surrey CR3 6TA
Byculla and Crosfield V.A.D. Hospital, Broadlands Road, Highgate, N6 4AW
Caens Hill Auxiliary Military Hospital, Chaucer Avenue, Weybridge, Surrey KT13 0PB
Campbell Hospital for Officers, 10 Cambridge Square, Paddington, W2 2QE
Castle Relief Hospital, off Castle Street, Bletchingley, Surrey RH1 4LB
Cedar Lawn Military Auxiliary Hospital, North End Road, Hampstead, NW3
Charlton House Auxiliary Hospital, Charlton Road, Old Charlton, SE7 8RE
Chelsea V.A.D. Hospital, 13 Grosvenor Crescent, SW1X 7EE
Chelsea Red Cross Hospital for Officers, 40 Upper Grosvenor Street, W1K 2NG
Chorleywood Pavilion Auxiliary Hospital, Drill Hall, Chorleywood House Estate, Rickmansworth Road, Chorleywood, Herts WD3 5SL
Christ Church Hall Hospital, 40 Lubbock Road, Chislehurst, Lent BR7 5JJ
Christ Church Hospital, Lennard Road Schools, Lennard Road, Beckenham, Kent BR3 1QR
Church House V.A.D. Hospital, Church House, Church Road, Bromley, BR1 1HA
Church Lane Military Hospital, Tooting Graveney, SW17
City of London Military Hospital, 42 Clifden Road, Lower Clapton, E5
City of London Military Hospital, 26 Finsbury Square, EC2A 1SL
Coed-Bel Auxiliary Hospital, 53 Lubbock Road, Chislehurst, Kent BR7 5JG
Coney Hill Auxiliary Hospital, Croydon Road, West Wickham, Kent BR2 7AG
Coulsdon and Purley Patriotic Fund Hospital, Congregational Hall, Purley Congregational Church, 906 Brighton Road, Purley, Surrey CR8 2LN
Coulter Hospital, 5 Grosvenor Square, Mayfair, W1K 4AF
Countess of Dundonald's Hospital, 87 Eaton Square, Belgravia, SW1W 9AG
County of Middlesex Red Cross Hospital, Hanworth Park House, Forest Road, Feltham, Middlesex TW13 7EY
Croslands Military Hospital, 14 Stonebridge Park, Willesden, NW10
Croxley Green V.A.D. Hospital, The Institute, Dickinson Square, Croxley Green, Herts WD3 3HD
Croydon War Hospital:  (1) Davidson Road School, Croydon, Surrey CR0 6DD,  (2) Ecclesbourne Road School,  Thornton Heath, Surrey CR7 7BN, (3) Ingram Road School, Thornton Heath, Surrey CR7 8DZ, (4) Stanford Road School, Norbury, SW16 4QA, (5) The Crescent Schools, Croydon Surrey CR0 2HN.
Darell Hospital, 58 Queen Anne Street, W1G 8HW
Dartford War Hospital, Gore Road, Dartford, Kent
Devon Nook Auxiliary Military Hospital, Dukes Avenue, Chiswick, W4 4QR
Dobson War Relief Hospital,  22 Charlton Road, Blackheath, SE2 7HG
Dollis Hill House Auxiliary Hospital, Gladstone Park, Dollis Hill Lane, NW2 6HT
Dulwich Hospital, East Dulwich Grove, SE22 3PT
Earlsmead Home of Recovery, Hornsey Lane, Highgate, N6 5XA

East Ham Memorial Hospital, Shrewsbury Road, E7 8QR
Eastcote V.A.D. Hospital, 50 Field End Road, Eastcote, Middlesex
Edgehill Auxiliary Hospital, Edgehill House, 25 Peak Hill, Lower Sydenham, SE26 4LT
Elm House Auxiliary Military Hospital, 9 Gentleman's Row, Enfield, Middlesex EN2 6PT
Elstree V.A.D. Hospital, Elstree, 41 Westmoreland Road, Bromley, Kent BR2 0TG
Empire Hospital for Officers (for Injuries to the Nervous System), 69 Vincent Square, SW1P 2PA
Endell Street Military Hospital, 36 Endell Street, Covent Garden, WC2H 2RB
Endsleigh Palace Hospital for Officers, 25 Gordon Street, WC1H 0AY
Enfield V.A.D. Hospital, St Marks Institute, St Marks Road, Bush Hill Park, Enfield, Middlesex EN1 1DT
Epping Union Workhouse Infirmary, The Plain, Epping, Essex CM16 6TN
Epsom and Ewell War Hospital, Epsom Grand Stand, Epsom Downs, Surrey KT18 5LQ
Erin Lodge Red Cross Hospital, 21 Oatlands Avenue, Weybridge, Surrey KT13 9SR
Esher Red Cross Hospital, The Lammas, 9 Lammas Lane, Esher, Surrey KT10 8NY
Ewell War Hospital, Hook Road, Epsom, Surrey KT19 8QJ
Ewen Hall V.A.D. Hospital, Wood Street, Barnet, Herts EN5 4BW
Fairlawn Auxiliary Military Hospital, Honor Oak Road, Forest Hill, SE23
Fairview V.A.D. Hospital, Lambourne Road, Chigwell, Essex IG7 6HX
First Home of Recovery, Highfield, Golders Green, NW11
Fishmongers' Hall Hospital, London Bridge, EC4R 9EL
Freemasons' War Hospital No. 1, 237 Fulham Road, SW3 6JB
Freemasons' War Hospital No. 2, Fulham Palace, Bishops Avenue, SW6 6EA
French Hospital, 172-176 Shaftesbury Avenue, WC2H 8JE
Fulham Military Hospital, St Dunstan's Road, W6 9NT
Furzedown Auxiliary Hospital, Grubb Street, Limpsfield, Surrey RH8 0SH
Garden Suburb Auxliiary Hospital, Willifield Way, Golders Green, NW11 6YD
Gardenhurst V.A.D. Hospital, Parkhill Road, Bexley, Kent DA5 1HR
Garland Home, 4 Norfolk Street, Mayfair, W1K 7FQ
Gerstley-Hoare Hospital for Officers, 53 Cadogan Square, Belgravia, SW1X 0HY
Gifford House Auxiliary Hospital:  See Queen Alexandra Hospital Home for Discharged Soldiers
Golders Green Military Convalescent Home, 24 Woodstock Road, NW11 8ER
Green Gable Auxiliary Hospital, 23 Middle Road, Harrow, Middlesex  HA2 0HW
Grovelands V.A.D. Hospital, The Bourne, Southgate, N14 6RA
Hale End Red Cross Hospital, Hale End, Walthamstow, Essex IG 9PY
Hall Hill Auxiliary Hospital, Beadles Lane, Broadham Green, Oxted, Surrey RH8 9PA
Hall-Walker Hospital for Officers, Sussex Lodge, Regent's Park, NW1 4RG
Hamilton Auxiliary Hospital for Officers, 75 Harrington Gardens, Kensington, SW7 4JZ
Hampstead Military Hospital, Mount Vernon, NW3
Hampton Court Auxiliary Military Hospital, Whitehall Hotel, The Green, Hampton Court Road, Middlesex KT8 9BD
Hanover House V.A.D. Hospital, Hanover House, High Road, Woodford Wells, Essex IG8 0RQ
Hanover Park V.A.D. Hospital, Hanover Park, Peckham, SE15
Harold Fink Memorial Hospital, 17 Park Lane, Mayfair, W1K 1QT
Hast Hill Auxiliary Hospital, Baston Manor Road, Bromley, Kent BR2 7AH
Hayes Grove Auxiliary Hospital, Prestons Road, Hayes, Kent BR2 7AS
Heywood Auxiliary Military Hospital, Portsmouth Road, Cobham, Surrey KT11 1BL
High Wood Hospital, Ongar Road, Brentwood, Essex CM15 9DY
Hillfield Red Cross Hospital, Raglan Road, Reigate, Surrey
Hillingdon V.A.D. Hospital, Westcombe Lodge, Hayes End, Middlesex UB4 8AQ
Hillside Auxiliary Hospital, Barnet Road, Potters Bar, Herts
Hillside Hospital, Lubbock Road, Chislehurst, Kent
Holborn Military Hospital, Western Road, Mitcham, Surrey
Holbrook Auxiliary Hospital, 45 Holbrook Lane, Chislehurst, Kent BR7 6PE
Hollington House Auxiliary Hospital, High Road, Chislehurst, Kent BR7 5AJ
Holly Park Auxiliary Hospital, Park House, Crouch Hill, Hornsey N4 4BL
'Holmleigh' Auxiliary Military Hospital, 8 College Road, Harrow-on-the-Hill, Middlesex HA1 1BE
Hon. Mrs Robert Lindsay's Hospital for Officers, 7 Charles Street, Mayfair, W1J 5DQ
Hornbrook Auxiliary Hospital, High Street, Chislehurst, Kent BR7 5AB
Hornsey Auxiliary Military Hospital, Durham House, 102 Crouch Hill, Hornsey N8 9EB
Hospital for Epilepsy and Paralysis, 4 Maida Vale, W9 1TL
Hospital for Officers, 9 Montpelier Square, Knightsbridge, SW7 1JU
Hospital for Officers, 27 Ovington Square, Chelsea, SW3 1LU
Hospital for Officers, 24 Park Street, Mayfair, W1K 2SR
Hospital for Officers, 83 Portland Place, W1
Horton (County of London) War Hospital, Long Grove Road, Epsom, Surrey
Hounslow Military Hospital, Beavers Lane, Hounslow, Middlesex TW4 6HD
Ingress Abbey V.A.D. Hospital, Ingress Park, Greenhithe, Kent DA9 9GQ
Kelsey Auxiliary Red Cross Hospital, Kelsey Cottage, Kelsey Lane, Beckenham, Kent BR3 3LH
Ken Cottage Auxiliary Hospital, 4 Crescent West, Hadley Wood, Herts
Kenry House Hospital for Officers, Kingston Hill, Kingston-upon-Thames, Surrey KT2 7LB
Kensington Palace Auxiliary Hospital, Kensington Gardens, W8 4PX
King Edward Hall Auxiliary Hospital, 7 Hendon Lane, Finchley Church End, N2
King George Hospital, Stamford Street, SE1 9NH
Kingston, Surbiton and District Red Cross Hospital, Kingston Road, New Malden, KT3 3RL
Kitchener House, 8 Cambridge Gate, Regent's Park, NW1 4JX
Kitto Relief Hospital, 1 Church Road, South Park, Reigate, Surrey RH2 8HY
Lady Aberconway's Hospital for Officers, 43 Belgrave Square, SW1X 8PA
Lady (Violet) Brassey's Hospital for Officers:  see Chelsea Red Cross Hospital for Officers
Lady Carnarvon's Hospital for Officers, 48 Bryanston Square, W1H 2EA
Lady Evelyn Mason's Hospital for Officers, 16 Bruton Street, Mayfair, W1X 3LB
Lady Inchcape's Hospital for Officers, 7 Seamore Place, Mayfair, W1
Lady Mary Meynell's Hospital for Officers, 8 Lennox Gardens, Knightsbridge, SW1X 0DG
Lady Mountgarret's Hospital for Officers, 18 Cadogan Gardens, Sloane Square, SW3 2RP
Lady Northcliffe's Hospital for Officers, 14 Grosvenor Crescent, SW1X 7EE
Lady Ridley's Hospital for Officers, 10 Carlton House Terrace, St James, SW1Y 5AH
Lamas Hospital, 103 Lubbock Road, Chislehurst, Kent BR7 5LA
Lambeth Auxiliary Hospital, Homedale, 44 The Avenue, Upper Norwood, SE19 2NX
Lambeth Red Cross Hospital, Woodhall, 101 College Road, Sydenham Hill, SE21 7HL
Lewisham Military Hospital, 390 High Street, SE13 6LH
Livingstone College Relief Hospital, Matlock Road, Walthamstow, E10 6SJ
Llandaff Auxiliary Military Hospital, Caenswood Close, Weybridge, Surrey
Lonsdale House Hospital, 22 Poynders Road, Clapham Park, SW4
Lytton Hospital, Dartmouth House, 37 Charles Street, Mayfair, W1J 5ED
McAlpine Ward: see Northwood V.A.D. Hospital
Mackinnon Hospital, 46 Queen's Gate Terrace, South Kensington, SW7 5PJ
Manor (County of London) War Hospital, Horton Lane, Horton, Nr. Epsom, Surrey KT 19 8NL
Manor House Hospital, North End Road, NW11 7HX
Marshalls Park Convalescent Home, off North Street, Romford, Essex
Masonic Hall V.A.D. Hospital, Cromwell Avenue, off Masons Hill, Bromley, Kent BR2 9BF
Maudsley Neurological Clearing House, Denmark Hill SE5 8AZ
Maxillo-Facial Hospital, Prince's Road, Kennington, SE1 6JJ
Maypole Institute:  see Southall Auxiliary Military Hospital
McCaul Hospital for Officers, 51-52 Welbeck Street, W1M 7HE
Merstham Red Cross Auxiliary Hospital, Chaldon Rise, Rockshaw Road, Merstham, Surrey RH1 3DB
Metropolitan Ear Nose and Throat Hospital, 2 Fitzroy Square, W1
Michie Hospital, 184 Queen's Gate, SW7 2AZ
Military Orthopaedic Hospital, Shepherd's Bush, W12 0HS
Mill Hill Military Hospital, Mill Hill Barracks, off Bittacy Hill, Mill Hill East, NW7 1HA
Miss Icombe's Auxiliary Hospital, Garth House, 6a Grange Road, Ealing, W5
Miss Pollack's Hospital for Officers, 50 Weymouth Street, W1G 6NT
Montpelier House Auxiliary Hospital, 1 Montpelier Road, Ealing, W5 2QS
Moray Lodge Auxiliary Hospital, Campden Hill, Kensington, W8 7AF
Morden Hall Auxiliary Hospital, Morden Hall Road, Morden, Surrey SM4 5JD
Mrs F.W. Salisbury-Jones' Hospital for Officers, 27 Berkeley Square, Mayfair, W1J 6EL
Mrs Mitchison's Hospital for Officers, The Clock House, 8 Chelsea Embankment, SW3 4LE
Mrs Thal's Hospital, 17 Upper Grosvenor Street, Mayfair, W1K 7PN
Napsbury (County of Middlesex) War Hospital, Shenley Lane, London Colney, Herts AL2 1AA
National Hospital for Diseases of the Heart, 16-18 Westmoreland Street, W1M 8BA
New Barnet V.A.D. Hospital, St James Hall, 97 East Barnet Road, New Barnet, Herts EN4 6RF
New End Hospital, New End, NW3 1JB
Northwood V.A.D. Hospital, Hallowell Road, Northwood, Middlesex
Nursing Home for Colonial Officers, 29 Wimpole Street, W1G 8GP
Oakenshaw Auxiliary Hospital, Oakenshaw, Oakhill, Surbiton, Surrey KT6
Oakhurst Red Cross Hospital, Oakhurst, Lesney Park Road, Erith, Kent DA8 3DJ
Oakley Auxiliary Hospital, Oakley House, 358 Bromley Common, Bromley, Kent BR2 8HA
Oakwood V.A.D. Hospital, 203 High Road, Cigwell, Essex IG7 5BJ
Oatlands Park Hospital, Oatlands Drive, Weybridge, Surrey KT13 9HB
Old Friars Auxiliary Hospital:  see Richmond Red Cross Hospital
Orchard Military Hospital, Dartford, Kent
Ontario Military Hospital (No. 16 Canadian General Hospital), Sevenoaks Road, Orpington, Kent BR6 9JU
Ormonde House Hospital, High Road, Buckhurst Hill, Essex
Osnabruck House (4th London General Hospital), 105 Denmark Hill, Camberwell, SE5
Ottermead Auxiliary Military Hospital, Ottershaw, Surrey
Ottershaw Park Auxiliary Hospital, Chobham Road, Chertsey, Surrey KT16 0QG
Paddington Orthopaedic V.A.D. Hospital (Paddington V.A.D. No. 1 Hospital),  37 Porchester Terrace, Bayswater, W2
Park House V.A.D. Hospital, 8 Totteridge Common, N20 8NL
Pelham Auxiliary Hospital, Manor Place, Chislehurst, Kent BR7 5QE
Pembroke Lodge Hospital for Officers, Pembroke Lodge, Edwardes Square, Kensington, W8 6HR
Percy House Auxiliary Military Hospital, Twickenham Road, Isleworth, Middlesex
Petrograd Red Cross Hospital for Officers, Hotel Petrograd, 17 North Audley Street, W1Y 1WE
Phillips Memorial Homeopathic Hospital, Lowndes Avenue, Market Square, Bromley, Kent
Pinner Place V.A.D. Hospital, Pinner, Middlesex
(The) Platanes (4th London General Hospital), 10 Champion Hill, Camberwell, SE5 8EH
Post Office Hospital, 20 Kensington Palace Gardens, W8 4QQ
Potters Bar V.A.D. Hospital, Little Heath Wood House, Hawkshead Road, Potters Bar, Herts EN6 1LF
Prince of Wales Hospital for Officers, Great Central Hotel, 222 Marylebone Road, NW1 6JQ
Prince of Wales Hospital for Officers, Jamnagar House, Penton Road, Staines, Middlesex TW18
Princess Christian Military Hospital, Englefield Green, Surrey
Princess Christian's Auxiliary Hospital, Whitehall, South Norwood Hill, South Norwood, SE25 6BD
Princess Christian's Hospital for Officers, 6 Grosvenor Place, Belgravia, SW1X 7SH
Princess Club Hospital, 106 Jamaica Road, Bermondsey, SE16
Princess Henry of Battenberg's Hospital for Officers, 30 Hill Street, Berkeley Square, Mayfair, W1J 5NW
Queen's Auxiliary Hospital, Sidcup, Kent
Queen Alexandra's Hospital for Officers, Millfield Lane, N6 6JJ
Queen Alexandra's Hospital Home for Discharged Soldiers, Gifford House, Putney Park Lane, Roehampton, SW15
Queen Alexandra's Military Hospital, Millbank, SW1P4RF
Queen Mary's Convalescent Auxiliary Hospital, Roehampton Lane, SW15 5PN
Queen Mary's Convalescent Auxiliary Hospital, Dover House, Putney Park Lane, Roehampton, SW15 5AR
Queen's Gate Hospital:  see Michie Hospital
Quernmore House School Auxiliary Hospital, London Lane, Plaistow, Bromley, Kent BR1 4HF
Red Cross Clinic for the Physical Treatment of Disabled Officers, 126 Great Portland Street, W1W 6PX
Red Cross Hospital for Facial Injuries, 78 Brook Street, Grosvenor Square, W1K 5ED
Red Cross Hospital for Facial Injuries, 24 Norfolk Street, Park Lane, W1K 7AE
Red House Auxiliary Hospital, Bull Hill, Leatherhead, Surrey KT22 7AH
Rickmansworth V.A.D. Hospital, St Augustine's Hall, Park Road, Rickmansworth, Herts WD3 1HU
Rickmansworth V.A.D. Hospital, The Studio, Rectory Lane, Rickmansworth, Herts WD3 2AD
Richmond Military Hospital, Grove Road, Richmond, TW10 6LF
Richmond Red Cross Hospital, Old Friars, The Green, Richmond, Surrey TW9 1NH
Robert Fleming Hospital for Officers, 27 Grosvenor Square, Belgravia, W1
Roseneath Voluntary Hospital, Vicars Moor Lane, Winchmore Hill, N21
Rosherville V.A.D. Hospital, Burch Road, Northfleet, Gravesend, Kent DA11 9NE
Rosslyn Lodge Auxiliary Military Hospital,  Lyndhurst Road, Hampstead, NW3
Royal Flying Corps Hospital, 37 Bryanston Square, W1H 2DY
Royal Flying Corps Hospital, 37 Dorset Square, NW1 6QN
Royal Flying Corps Hospital, 82 Eaton Square, SE1W 9AP
Royal Flying Corps Hospital, Clubhouse, Shirley Park Golf Course, Surrey CR9 7AT
Royal Free Hospital, Grays Inn Road, WC1X 8LD
Royal Herbert Hospital, Shooters Hill, SE18 4PS
Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital, 234 Great Portland Street, W1N 6AD
Royal National Throat Nose and Ear Hospital, 32-33 Golden Square,  W1F 9JT
Ruskin Park Extension (4th London General Hospit
al), Ruskin Park, Camberwell
Rutland Hospital for Officers, 16 Arlington Street, St James's, SW1A 1RD
St Albans V.A.D. Hospital, Bricket House, Bricket Road, St Albans, Herts
St Andrew's Hospital, Devons Road, E3 3NT
St Dorothy's Convalescent Home for Soldiers, 52 Croham Manor Road, South Croydon, CR2 7BE
St Dunstan's Hostel, Regent's Park, NW1
St Dunstan's Hostel (annexe), 40 Lee Terrace, Blackheath, SE3 9UD
St Dunstan's Hostel (annexe), Regent's Park College, Regent's Park, NW1
St George's Hall V.A.D. Hospital, Willesden Lane, Brondesbury, NW6
St George's Hill Auxiliary Hospital, St George's Hill Golf Club, Weybridge, Surrey KT13 0NL
St George's Hospital, Hyde Park Corner, SW1
St John's Hospital, Morden Hill, Lewisham, SE13
St Laurence V.A.D. Hospital, St Laurence Church Hall, Corbets Tey Road, Upminster, Essex RM14 2AJ
St Mary Cray Auxiliary Hospital, The Institute, High Street, St Mary Cray, Kent BR5 4AX
St Mary's Russian Hospital for Officers, 8 South Audley Street, Mayfair, W1K 1HF
St Mary's V.A.D. Hospital, St Mary's Church Hall, 61 College Road, Plaistow, Bromley, Kent BR1 3QF
St Matthew's Hall Auxiliary Hospital, St Matthew's Hall, St Mary's Road, Willesden, NW10 4AU
Schiff Home of Recovery, Knowle Hill Park, Fairmile Lane, Cobham, Surrey KT11 2PD
Shortlands V.A.D. Hospital, 2 Valley Road, Shortlands, Kent BR2 0HZ
Sir John Ellerman's Hospital, St John's Lodge, Regent's Park, NW1
South African Military Hospital, Richmond Park, TW10 6JP
South Croydon Relief Hospital, 254 Brighton Road, Croydon CR2 6AH
South Hill Wood Auxiliary Hospital, Westmoreland Road, Bromley, Kent BR2 0PD
Southall Auxiliary Military Hospital, Maypole Institute,
Margarine Road, Southall, Midd'x UB2 4AU
Southwark Red Cross Hospital, 119 Kennington Park Road, SE11 4JS
Southwood Hospital, Court Road, Eltham, SE9 5NP
Southwood V.A.D. Hospital, Oldfield Road, Bickley, Kent BR1 2LU
Spalding Hall, Victoria Road, Hendon, NW4 2BE
Special Hospital for Officers (Latchmere), Church Road, Ham Common, Richmond, Surrey TW10 5HH
Special Hospital for Officers, 10 Palace Green, W8 4QA
Special Surgical Hospital:  see Military Orthopaedic Hospital, Shepherd's Bush
Springfield War Hospital, 61 Glenburnie Road, Wandsworth, SW17 7DJ
Springhill Auxiliary Hospital, County School of Domestic Economy, 142 College Road, Bromley, Kent
Stormont House Red Cross Hospital, 75 Downs Park Road, Hackney Downs, E5 8NP
Streatham Auxiliary Red Cross Hospital, 3 Christchurch Road, Streatham, SW2 3ET
Summerlee V.A.D. Hospital, Fortis Green, East Finchley N2
Sutton Red Cross Auxiliary Hospital, Benfleet Hall, Benhilton, Sutton, Surrey SM1
Swedish War Hospital, 16 Paddington Street, W1U 5AS
Syon House Auxiliary Hospital, Riding School, Syon House, Park Road, Brentford, Middlesex TW8 8JG
Teddington Red Cross Hospital, Shaftesbury House, Manor Road, Teddington, Middlesex TW11 9NN
The Beeches Auxiliary Military Hospital, Fairfield, Beech Road, Reigate Hill, Surrey
The Gorse Auxiliary Hospital, Manor Park, Chislehurst, Kent BR7 5QD
The Grange Auxiliary Hospital, Ruxbury Road, St Ann's Hill, Chertsey, Surrey KT16 9EP
The Grange Auxiliary Hospital, 1 Central Road, Morden, Surrey SM4 5PQ
The Mount Auxiliary Hospital, Camlet Way, Hadley Wood, Herts EN4 0NJ
The Warren Auxiliary Hospital, Croydon Road, Hayes, Kent BR2 7AL
Theodore Hospital, 53 Mount Street, Westminster, W1K 2SG
Theydon Towers, Theydon Road, Theydon Bois, Essex CM16 4EF
Town Hall Hospital, Highbridge Street, Waltham Abbey, Essex EN9 1DE
Tudor House Military Hospital:  see Clara Baroness de Hirsch Convalescent Home
Valentines Mansion Auxiliary Hospital, Emerson Road, Ilford, Essex IG1 4XA
Venetian Road Schools (4th London General Hospital), Venetian Road, Camberwell, SE5 9PJ
Village Hall Auxiliary Hospital, 117 High Street, Orpington, Kent BR6 0LG
Wall Hall V.A.D. Hospital, Wall Hall, Aldenham, Watford, Herts WD25 8BY
Wallacefield Auxiliary Hospital, Coombe Road, South Croydon CR2 7EZ
Ward Hospital, 50 Reigate Hill, Reigate, Surrey RH2 9NL
Wardell Auxiliary Hospital, Brockley Hill, Stanmore, Middlesex
Weir Military Hospital, 12 Weir Road, SW12 0LZ
Wesleyan Hall V.A.D. Hospital, Starts Hill Avenue, Farnborough, Kent BR6 7AS
West End Hospital for Diseases of the Nervous System, 73 Welbeck Street, W1
Westbourne Hospital (Paddington V.A.D. No. 2 Hospital) 55 Porchester Terrace, Bayswater, W2 3TT
White City Military Hospital, White City Road, Hammersmith, W12 7PT
Wimbledon Hospital, Thurston Road, SE20 0EE
Woodford and Wanstead Military Hospital, Highams, High Road, Woodford Green, Essex IG8 9LA
Yacht Club V.A.D. Hospital, Clifton Marine Parade, Gravesend, Kent DA11 0DQ


Next subsections:

 Voluntary Aid Detachments
Almeric Paget Massage Corps


Orthopaedic and Tropical Clinics

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(Author unstated) 1915 Auxiliary hospitals.  War Office announcement.  British Journal of Nursing, 24th April, 336.

(Author unstated) 1917 List of the Various Treating Military Cases in the United Kingdom.  London, H.M.S.O.

(Author unstated) 1918  Payment to auxiliary hospitals.  British Medical Journal 1 (2998), 679.

(Author unstated) 1921 Reports by the Joint War Committee and the Joint War Finance Committee of the British Red Cross and the Order of St John of Jerusalem in England. 1914-1919. London, HMSO.    Reprinted in facsimile, 2009.  London, The Naval and Military Press Ltd in association with the Imperial War Museum.

Muir JR 1936 A temporary hospital.  In:  Years of Endurance. London, Philip Allan.  25-51.



OF THE GREAT WAR 1914 -1918

from the perspective of the British Home Front

 June 28 Sarajevo - Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand assassinated
July 28 Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia
August 1 Germany declares war on Russia
3 Germany declares war on France
4 Germany invades Belgium.
Britain declares war on Germany. The Army had 386,000 troops.

5 Austria declares war on Russia

10 London:  Olympia becomes a concentration camp
12 Britain and France declare war on Austria.
Austria invades Serbia.
15 Eastern Front:  Russia invades East Prussia
17 Western Front:  British Expeditionary Force (BEF) lands in France
23  Japan enters the war against Germany
23-31 Western Front:  BEF retreats from Mons with heavy casualties
24 Austrian attackers are expelled from Serbia
25-27 Belgium:  Louvain is destroyed by German troops
28 North Sea:  British battlecruisers sink three German cruisers in Heligoland Bight
September 9 Britain:  825,000 in Army, call for 500,000 more
14 Western Front: Battle of the Marne - German advance halted, Paris saved
22 North Sea:  three British cruisers torpedoed
October 4 London:  first bombing raid
19 Britain:  pubs close at 10 p.m. instead of 11 p.m.
20 Western Front:  First Battle of Ypres begins
31 Russia declares war on Turkey.  By 5th November at war with Britain and France as well.
November 1 Southern Pacific:  German flotilla under Spee sinks two British cruisers off Coronel in Chile.  All 1,600 British killed.
3 North Sea:  German ships bombard Yarmouth
5 Middle East:  UK annexes Cyprus
7 China:  Japanese capture Tsingtao from the Germans
11 Western Front:  stalemate from the North Sea to Switzerland
17 Britain:  £350m War Loan.  Income tax doubled.  War costs £1m a day.
22 Western Front:  First Battle of Ypres ends.  30,000 British dead in the war so far.
26 Britain: HMS Bulwark blows up at Sheerness.  700 dead.
December 11 South Atlantic:  Battle of the Falklands.  Four of Spee's German cruisers sunk - end of distant waters conflict.
16 Middle East:  Britain declares Egypt a Protectorate.
North Sea:  German bombardment of east coast towns.
January 1 Britain:  Wimbledon championships to be suspended for the duration.
North Sea:  battleship HMS Formidable torpedoed.
7 Britain:  Thames Valley floods - Windsor Castle an island
19 Britain:  Zeppelin raid on Norfolk - over 20 dead
24 North Sea:  Battle of the Dogger Bank.  German battlecruiser Blucher sunk.
30 Irish Sea:  three British merchant ships torpedoed
February 3 Middle East:  Turkish advance towards Egypt soon rebuffed
4 Britain:  casualties to date = 104,000
16 Levant:  bombardment of Dardanelles forts by British fleet begins
18 Germany:  Olympic Games planned for Berlin in 1916 are cancelled.
Britain:  German blockade begins.
26 Scotland:  Clydeside armament workers strike for higher pay
March 10 Western Front:  British take Neuve Chapelle
11 North Sea:  HMS Bayano sunk off Scotland.  200 dead.
14 Pacific Ocean:  German battleship Dresden sunk by the British
18 Levant:  Advance up the Dardanelles by 16 British and French battleships.  Mines sink three, seven more are damaged.
April 22 Western Front: launch of spring offensive at Ypres.  First German chlorine gas attacks at Ypres.
26 Middle East:  first landings at Gallipoli
May 3 Britain:  war is costing £2.1m a day
7 Atlantic Ocean: Lusitania is torpedoed. 1,400 dead.
10 London:  first Zeppelin raid
22 Britain:  train crash near Gretna Green leaves 158 dead
23 Italy declares war on Austria and attacks unsuccessfully in the First Battle of the Isonzo (of twelve!)
25 Britain:  coalition government formed "to finish the war successfully"
27 Britain:  HM Auxiliary Ship Irene explodes at Sheerness.  270 dead.
June 6 Germany:  Kaiser announces that passenger ships will not be attacked
8 Western Front:  British pilot awarded Victoria Cross for downing a Zeppelin over Belgium
9 Britain:  Ministry of Munitions established
28 Atlantic Ocean:  liner Armenian torpedoed off Cornwall
July 3 Britain:  war costs £3m a day
5 Britain: conscription plans denied
9 Africa:  German Southwest Africa (Angola) surrenders
13 Britain:  all industrial disputes must be referred to the Board of Trade before any strike action
15 South Wales:  200,000 miners strike for higher pay
20 Britain:   330,995 casualties.
South Wales:  coal dispute provisionally settled
August 4 Eastern Front:  Germans enter Warsaw
19 Atlantic Ocean:  British liner Arabic sunk
21 Britain: 381,983 casualties
25 South Wales:  miners refuse settlement
September 18 Britain:  war costs £3.5m a day.
Germany:  Kaiser again assures that no neutral or passanger ships will be attacked.
25 Western Front:  autumn offensives - the British at Loos in Flanders, the French at Vimy Ridge and in Champagne (all unsuccessful).  8,000 British casualties.
October 12 Brussels:  nurse Edith Cavell executed by the Germans.  10,000 attend memorial service at St Paul's Cathedral on 28th.
21 Balkans:  British and French troops land at Salonika to assist Serbia
November 1 Western Front:  now 1,000,000 British troops
9 Britain:  casualties now 510,230
December 15 Western Front:  Haig replaces French as British commander
20 Middle East:  Gallipoli expedition abandoned.  90,000 men evacuated by 8th January.
30 Mediterranean:  P&O liner Persia torpedoed.  400 dead.
January 1 Britain:  up to 2,000,000 more women in the workforce compared to a year ago
6 Britain:  Parliament votes for conscription
13 Britain:  miners vote overwhelmingly against conscription
23 London:  British Museum and Natural History Museum to close for the duration
February 6 Germany:  government accepts full liability for the sinking of the Lusitania
21 Britain:  new war loan of £420m proposed.
Western Front:  Germans begin assaults on French forts at Verdun.
March 2 Britain:  Military Service Act comes into force - conscription
18 Eastern Front:  Russians (1,500,000 men) attack towards Vilna against 1,000,000 Germans and Austrians, but are soon repulsed
28 Scotland:  ringleaders of Clydeside armament workers' strike arrested
April 25 Britain:  first Anzac Day commemoration of Gallipoli landings.
Ireland:  Easter Rising in Dublin - 1,305 casualties by the end.
29 Middle East:  British division surrenders to the Turks at Kut-el-Amara in Mesopotamia (Iraq).  10,000 prisoners. 4,000 died in captivity.
May 12 Ireland:  James Connolly the last of the seven Irish rebels to be executed
15 Ireland:  Roger Casement on trial for treason
23 Britain:  new war loan of £300m. Total so far £2,382m.
30 North Sea:  Battle of Jutland.  British lose seven major ships, 6,907 men. Germans lose three major ships, 2,545 men.  Last major naval engagement of the war.
June 4 Eastern Front:  Russians overwhelm Austrian troops, advancing 40 miles or more - one million Russian casualties over the summer campaign.
7 North Sea:  Lord Kitchener, Secretary for War, lost at sea when HMS Hampshire mined off the Orkneys, with no survivors
July 1 Western Front:  Somme offensive begins
6 London:  Queen Mary opens South London Hospital for Women.
Britain:  Lloyd George succeeds Kitchener as Secretary for War.
11 Western Front:  last German assault at Verdun repulsed
August 3 Ireland:  Roger Casement hanged (in London)
27 Romania enters the war as an ally of Russia, invades Hungary
31 Western Front: British casualties in August were 127,000 - a fifth of the total so far
September 15 Western Front:  first use of 'tanks' in battle on the Somme
October 2 London:  Queen Mary opens women's extensions to London School of Medicine
7 Western Front:  Allies break through along ten miles of the Somme front
14 Western Front: 2nd Battle of Verdun begins - French advance on four-mile front
31 Western Front:  British casualties for the last three months are 350,000 - 40% of the total so far
November 2 Western Front:  Germans withdraw from Verdun
11 America:  US President Wilson re-elected
21 Austria:  Austro-Hungarian Emperor Franz Josef dies at 86
29 Western Front:  Somme offensive concluded - seven miles gained, casualties 600,000 Allies, 650,000 Germans
December 3 Western Front:  French replace General Joffre by General Nivelle following failure on the Somme
5 Eastern Front:  Germans take Bucharest, occupy most of Romania - 310,000 Romanian casualties so far

7 Britain:  Lloyd George succeeds Asquith as Prime Minister

15 Western Front:  French assault at Verdun regains most of ground lost since February.  Deaths at Verdun - 364,000 Allies, 338,000 Germans.

30 Russia:  controversial monk Rasputin assassinated
January 1 Mediterranean:  Cunard liner Ivernia torpedoed - 153 dead
11 Britain:  war now costing £5.7m a day
19 London:  explosion of Venesta munitions works - 69 dead
25 Atlantic Ocean: liner Laurentic mined - 350 dead
February 1 Germany:  navy recommences unrestricted submarine warfare against merchant shipping
3 Mediterranean:  American ship Housatonic sunk off Sicily.  US breaks off diplomatic relations with Germany.
25 Atlantic Ocean:  liner Laconia torpedoed - 30 dead
26 Britain:  latest war loan raises £1,000m from 5m people
March 1 America: 'Zimmermann telegram' - German overtures to Mexico for alliance against America, intercepted by British intelligence and published in the US
11 Middle East:  British take Baghdad
16 Russia:  Czar abdicates, Provisional Government in charge
18 Western Front:  Germans take up new fortified positions - the Hindenberg Line
20 Atlantic Ocean: British hospital ship Asturias torpedoed in English Channel
27 Middle East:  British army defeats Turks at Gaza
April 6 America declares war on Germany, subsequently on Austria-Hungary, Turkey and Bulgaria
11 Western Front: start of Arras offensive - British and Canadians advance three miles, taking Vimy Ridge
16 Russia:  Lenin arrives at Petrograd in sealed train.
Western Front:  French attack at Chemin des Dames on the Aisne blunted - four-mile gain, 29,000 prisoners, but 130,000 casualties, with 29,000 killed.
17 Atlantic Ocean:  British hospital ships Donegal and Lanfranc sunk in the English Channel - 75 dead
19 Atlantic Ocean: USS Mongolia sinks German submarine in the English Channel - first American combat
23 Western Front:  assaults at Arras resume, but battle is stalemated
28 Atlantic Ocean:  convoy system introduced
May 4 Mediterranean: British transport Transylvania torpedoed - 413 dead.
Western Front:  mutinies begin in French army
13 London: bus drivers strike
18 America: conscription introduced
June 7 Western Front:  British offensive south of Ypres successful - 500 tons of explosives detonated in mines under German lines, which are heard in England
14 London: first aircraft bombing raid - 100 dead in East End
22 Greece: pro-German King Constantine forced to abdicate
26 Britain:  King George V changes names - Saxe-Coburg-Gotha to Windsor, Battenberg to Mountbatten
27 Western Front:  first American troops arrive in France
July 16 Russia:  Bolshevik uprising in Petrograd suppressed - Lenin flees
24 Britain:  war now costing £7m a day
26 Western Front:  Germans break through French lines at the River Aisne
31 Western Front:  3rd Battle of Ypres (Passchendale) begins
August 20 Western Front:  French break through 11 miles of German lines at Verdun
30 Russia: Czar and family sent to Tobolsk in Siberia
September 3 Britain: air raids in Thames estuary - 108 dead
17 Eastern Front:  Germans take Riga and advance towards Petrograd
October 12 Western Front:  Anzacs attack in 1st Battle of Passchendale
15 France: German spy Mata Hari executed in Paris
23 Western Front: French attack advances three miles in four days at the Chemin des Dames
24 Italian Front: Germans and Austrians attack in the 12th (last) Battle of the Isonzo, advancing 80 miles in 11 days
26 Western Front:  Canadians attack in 2nd Battle of Passchendale - over 15,000 casualties
27 Western Front:  American troops in first action
31 Middle East:  British take Beersheba in Palestine.
Italian Front:  Italian army collapses at Caporetto in NE Italy - 10,000 dead.
November 3 Italian Front: Italians retreat beyond River Piave, leaving 275,000 prisoners
6 Western Front:  Canadians take Passchendale
7 Russia:  Bolsheviks overthrow Russian Provisional Government
9 Britain:  Foreign Secretary Balfour issues Declaration regarding a national home for the Jewish people in Palestine
16 Russia:  Bolsheviks take Moscow
17 North Sea:  German battleships engage British battlecruiser squadron near Heligoland
18 Middle East:  British take Jaffa
20 Western Front:  Battle of Cambrai - 324 British tanks advance four miles, though part of the German lines hold out, and a later counterattack nearly restores the status quo
December 9 Middle East:  British take Jerusalem
10 Norway:  Nobel Peace Prize to the International Committee of the Red Cross
22 Brest-Litovsk:  peace negotiations open between Germany and Russia
January 9 Washington:   US President Wilson defines his 14 Points - a broad declaration of war aims
28 Russia:  The Red Army is formed.
Germany:  strikes by a million industrial workers
Febuary 6 Britain:  married women over 30 get the vote
9 Germany agrees peace with Ukraine
20 Eastern Front:  armistice terminated - Germans advancing towards Petrograd
21 Middle East:  Australians take Jericho
27 Britain:  hospital ship Glenart Castle torpedoed in Bristol Channel
March 3 Brest-Litovsk:  Russia signs humiliating peace treaty with Germany
5 Moscow declared new Russian capital
13 Britain:  'Tank Week' raises £138m war savings - making over £570m in the past six months
21 Western Front:  3,000,000 Germans break through near Arras, advancing up to 40 miles in two weeks
26 Western Front:  General Foch becomes Allied commander-in-chief in France
April 1 Britain:  Royal Flying Corps and Royal Naval Air Service merged as the Royal Air Force
13 Western Front:  Germans break Allied lines around Ypres - 400,000 Allied casualties in three weeks.
Finland: Germans enter Helsinki.
21 Western Front:  'Red Baron' von Richthofen shot down and killed
23 Belgium:  British raids on submarine bases at Zeebrugge and Ostend
May 2 Finland:  nationalist forces expel Russian army - Finland now a German vassal
10 Belgium:  raid to blockade Ostend harbour ends in failure
29 Western Front:  Germans take Soissons and their advance approaches Rheims
June 14 Western front:  Allies counterattack
18 Britain:  further war loan of £500m requested
19 Britain:  general rationing announced
22 Western Front:  German advance halted 45 miles from Paris
26 Russia:  civil war threatens - British occupy Murmansk
30 Western Front:  British claim 4,102 aeroplanes destroyed, against (only) 1,213 British
July 1 Britain:  armaments factory explodes in the Midlands - 100 dead
6 France:  Spanish flu at epidemic levels - sickness blunting army activities
15 Western Front:  German offensive advances four miles across the Marne
16 Russia:  ex-Czar Nicholas, family and entourage executed in Ekaterinburg
18 Western Front:  Allied counterattack drives Germans back across the Marne - 25,000 prisoners
August 1 Britain:  new war loan request for £700m
2 Russia:  British land 1,500 men at Archangel to support a new Eastern Front against Germany
6 France:  General Foch promoted to Marshal
8 Western Front:  German front collapses following massive tank attack around Amiens.  Allies recover most of ground lost in spring offensive - 30,000 prisoners
September 11 France:  French war costs FF138bn so far
12 Western Front: first all-American attack clears major salient south of Verdun
24 Middle East:  British take Haifa, Acre and Es-Salt
26 Western Front:  123 Allied Divisions assault the Hindenburg Line
30 Western Front:  German forces retreat through Belgium.
Britain:  Spanish flu now serious.
Middle East:  Allenby's British forces in Palestine have 75,000 Turkish prisoners and advanced 350 miles.
Bulgaria capitulates to the Allies
October 1 Middle East:  Arab and Australian forces (not forgetting Colonel El Awrence!) take Damascus
6 Scotland: US troopship collides with another liner - 430 dead.
Balkans:  provisional government formed in 'Yugoslavia'.
7 Middle East:  British take Beirut and Sidon.
Poland declares independence
9 Irish Sea:  mailboat Leinster torpedoed in the Irish Sea - 587 dead
17 Hungary declares independence from the Hapsburgs
23 Britain:  flu closes many schools
24 Italian Front:  Battle of Vittorio Veneto - Italians cross the Piave and pursue Austrians across their borders in a week
26 Britain:  London has 2,225 flu deaths in a week
28 Czechoslovakia:  republic declared
30 Turkey surrenders.
Germany:  High Seas Fleet crews mutiny, refuse to sail
31 Germany appeals for armistice
November 1 Hungary declares independence
3 Austria signs armistice
4 Italian Front:  Italians recognise Austrian surrender, having taken 300,000 prisoners
6 Western Front:  Germans withdraw across the Meuse
9 Germany:  Kaiser Wilhelm abdicates, republic declared
10 Germany: ex-Kaiser flees to The Netherlands with 20 carriages of luggage
11 Austria:  Emperor Karl abdicates, republic declared.
Western Front:  Germans sign armistice.  Hostilities cease at 'the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month' (Treaty of Versailles signed on 23rd June 1919).
12 Britain:  new war loan of £700m - total war debt now £7,100m
15 Britain:  Victory Day
17 America: war death toll of 53,000 exceeded by flu deaths
19 Britain:  war casualties 3m. with nearly 1m dead
21 North Sea:  German High Seas Fleet surrenders to British in Firth of Forth (scuttled on 21st June 1919 in Scapa Flow)
25 Britain:  Parliament lifts many war restrictions, then is dissolved for General Election

Mercer D (ed) 1988 Chronicle of the Twentieth Century. London, Longman Chronicle.

Keegan J 1998 The First World War.  London, Hutchinson.
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